Strategic Risk

Strategic Risk Types and Definitions

Strategic Risk encompasses the risk of financial losses and negative social performance related to the strategic direction of the institution. Two subcategories have been identified within strategic risk: governance risk and strategic risk.

  • Governance Risk – Governance risk is the risk of financial losses and negative social performance related to inadequate governance or poor governance structure.
  • Strategic Risk – Strategic risk encompasses the risk of financial losses and negative social performance related to the strategic direction of an institution. This includes strategic aspects such as the institution’s mission, vision, strategic plan, and mission alignment amongst shareholders. One of the most important aspects of strategic risk concerns the potential of an MFI to experience mission drift.

Governance Risk

Policies

Tier 3 Guidelines
Tier 2 Guidelines
Tier 1 Guidelines
Commitment to manage governance risk Formal set of policies and procedures to manage governance risk, including: Formal set of policies and procedures to manage governance risk, including:
• Up-to-date elections regulations • Up-to-date elections regulations • Up-to-date elections regulations
• Participation of members of Board of Directors (BoD) in credit committee • Participation of members of BoD in credit committee
• Participation of members of BoD in risk committee or ALCO • Participation of members of BoD in risk committee or ALCO
• Participation of members of BoD in audit committee • Participation of members of BoD in audit committee
• Internal work regulations  Internal work regulations
• Travel and subsistence regulations • Travel and subsistence regulations
• Code of ethical conduct • Code of ethical conduct
• Succession plan for CEO and key personnel • Succession plan for CEO and key personnel
• Policies for the management of conflicts of interests
Balance between the financial and social strategies provided by the BoD Balance between the financial and social strategies provided by the BoD Balance between the financial and social strategies provided by the BoD
Financial statements closed within three months after the month’s cut-off date Financial statements closed within one month after the month’s cut-off date Financial statements closed within 10 days after the month’s cut-off date
Annual external audit Annual external audit Annual external audit by renowned firm
Risk rating in line with regulation Biennial risk rating Annual risk rating
Biennial social rating
SMART Certification for client protection

Limits

Risk Management Tools

Tier 3 Guidelines
Tier 2 Guidelines
Tier 1 Guidelines
Mapping of governance risks (at least every two years) Mapping of governance risks (at least every two years) Annual mapping of governance risks
Clearly communicated performance expectations and lines of accountability for CEO Clearly communicated performance expectations and lines of accountability for CEO Clearly communicated performance expectations and lines of accountability for CEO
Information flow to the BoD Information flow to the BoD Information flow to the BoD
• Structured management report, or financial statements, basic portfolio report, and quarterly report on fulfillment of operational plan • Structured management report, or financial statements, basic portfolio report, and quarterly report on fulfillment of operational plan • Well-structured management report that includes a summary of the reports presented to the committees
• Quarterly report of social indicators • Monthly report of social indicators including an analysis of the risk of mission drift
• Information validated by independent area (internal audit, system, or accounting)
Training of members of the BoD based on training plan Training of members of the BoD based on training plan and auto-evaluation of the BoD, with dedicated budget
Annual auto-evaluation of the BoD and elaboration of an action plan
Shareholders’ Agreement, including explicit and clearly defined social goals/indicators
Annual review of conflicts of interest Annual review of conflicts of interest

Risk Monitoring Tools

Tier 3 Guidelines
Tier 2 Guidelines
Tier 1 Guidelines
Annual auto-evaluation of the BoD and elaboration of an action plan

Strategic Risk

Policies

Limits

Tier 3 Guidelines
Tier 2 Guidelines
Tier 1 Guidelines
Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable

Risk Management Tools

Risk Monitoring Tools

Evaluate

RIM’s Risk Management Graduation Model is continually being revised to reflect the consensus standards within the microfinance industry.

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Risk Types & Definitions

 

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Framework Guidelines

 

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